Pay attention to high-risk conditions :
Certain conditions are prone to lead to the development of a callus and are more “callus risk”. These have to be given special attention and measures have to be taken to negate them and their effects as much as possible for callus treatment.
These conditions are :
1. Hammertoe :
Hammertoe is a condition in which one of the toes are bent more at their joints which makes them more curved. This naturally places more force on these toes leading to the development of a callus. They mostly arise due to prolonged periods of wearing tight-fitting shoes that constantly constrict the toes forcing them into a bent position.
Similar conditions are claw toe and mallet toe. They all pose more callus risk
Correction: Use of a brace to correct the condition. Physical therapy. Use shoes with spacious toe boxes. In long-standing conditions, surgery may be the treatment of choice.
2. Bunion :
Bunion is a condition in which the joint connecting the big toe to the foot becomes large and the big toe is pushed inwards. This, in turn, pushes on the other toes of the foot. The bunion is a bony prominence and hence it produces excess pressure and friction due to constant rubbing and leads to callus formation increasing callus risk.
Correction: Use of devices or splints that correct the condition. These are mostly throughout the night. Sometimes surgical therapy might be needed.
3. High arches :
A high arched foot will place more pressure on the heel and ball of a foot. This constant pressure and friction will lead to the development of a callus. This increases callus risk.
Correction: Orthotic devices, shoe modifications, and braces constitute the non-surgical therapy. Surgery is preferred when these options do not produce a significant improvement in pain and stability.
4. Flat foot :
The opposite of high arch in which the foot is not arched enough. This can be tested and found out by making your feet wet and standing on a surface to see your print. Again, increase in callus risk.
Correction: Orthotic devices, shoe modifications, braces and physical exercises are the non-surgical therapies that help to correct it. Surgery can also be opted.
Consult a podiatrist :
A podiatrist is a person who studies the foot, ankle and lower extremities. In cases where self-treatment does not provide the necessary results, a podiatrist can help to properly diagnose the condition identify the cause and provide a working treatment plan that can rectify the condition. Making custom orthotic devices and other treatment options will be areas where the podiatrist can provide a better guide.